Cannabidiol (CBD) — what we know and what we don't - Harvard Health Blog -  Harvard Health Publishing

What is CBD

CBD is one of the dozens of cannabinoids found in the marijuana/hemp plant. While the compound (CBD) is obtained from the marijuana or hemp plant, it has zero psychoactive properties making it entirely safe for all to use. CBD, unlike THC (tetrahydro cannabinoids), doesn’t alter a person’s state of mind but rather has therapeutic properties with numerous health benefits when you purchase from a professional holistic brand such as Sativa Gold. CBD is extracted from the hemp plant through distillation, after which it is mixed with a carrier oil (coconut oil, hemp oil, or jojoba oil) to make CBD oil. The carrier oil helps dilute the oil in various concentrations, which again makes it easy and safe to use depending on the user’s needs.

Raw CBD Oil

As the name suggests, raw CBD oil is in its purest unprocessed form. In this form, the oil may contain other materials and compounds including terpenes, chlorophyll, fats and lipids, microscopic plant materials, etc. These foreign materials may have to be filtered out for improved usability and efficiency.

How CBD Works

Almost all cannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system producing numerous effects/results. CBD interacts with two primary receptors, namely:

  1. CB1 receptors: These receptors are responsible for coordinating emotion, mood, pain, movement, appetite, thinking, and memories, among other functions. CB1 receptors are readily present in almost all parts of the body.
  2. CB2 Receptors: These receptors are most prevalent within the immune system. They are responsible for pain and inflammation reception.
    CBD works by stimulating the natural production of cannabinoids. This makes the endocannabinoid system to be more efficient in regulating bodily functions.

Forms Of CBD Oil In The Market Today

  1. CBD Oil Products And Tinctures

Tinctures make it possible for one to take CBD oil sublingually for easy and fast absorption. All that one needs to do is put the tincture under the tongue for about a minute, after which it is absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Tinctures provide an easy and fast way to deliver CBD to the bloodstream with lasting effects. Tinctures remain effective for up to 6 hours after consumption. CBD can also be mixed with foods and drinks, especially if you don’t like the CBD aftertaste.

  1. Capsules

CBD capsules are taken orally and, unlike tinctures, can take up to 45 minutes to be absorbed into the bloodstream. The best thing with taking CBD capsules is the fact that it remains effective/lasts for 10 hours or even more. This makes it a preferred option for those looking for a long-lasting effect. Water-soluble CBD oil tinctures can be consumed or ingested, especially when mixed with food or drinks.

  1. Creams

CBD creams are a better option when looking to improve your skin health. They are applied topically on the skin after which CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream. CBD creams are however mostly recommended as body creams and rarely for facial application.

Benefits of CBD

CBD is one of the most popular products in the health and wellness sector. This is because the compound packs numerous benefits for the human body, and can be used to treat:

– Arthritis and joint pains
-Chronic pains
-Depression and anxiety
-Migraines
-Sleep disorders
– Headaches
– Nausea
– PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder)
– Asthma/allergies
– Cancer
– Epilepsy
– Lung conditions
– Multiple Sclerosis
– Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease

Is CBD Legal

CBD is legal in most parts of the world, the UK included. CBD manufacturers, however, have to follow strict production guidelines to ensure the product contains very little (0.3%) to no THC. CBD use is however restricted to over eighteens in the United Kingdom.